Attention / inattention in traffic
Inattention is a contributing factor in approx. one third of accidents. Distracting actions are carried out for approx. a third of it behind the wheel. Approx. two-thirds of the causes of inattention are found inside the car. These are most often conditions that the driver himself is responsible for.
Lack of attention, misperception and misjudgment play a significant role in most traffic accidents. A road-safe attitude and behavior is best developed through knowledge of one's own limitations and a healthy skepticism towards the reliability of what one immediately perceives in traffic. A road-safe attitude and behavior is strengthened when, as a counterweight to one's own limitations, one acquires a driving style that provides ample safety margin during the various manoeuvres.
Distraction occurs when the driver does something that takes attention away from driving.
Typical everyday activities such as finding things in the glove compartment, reading maps, eating and drinking or talking to a passenger divert the driver's attention from the traffic. Other distracting elements are, for example, multi-media systems (radio/CD/DVD), GPS and smartphones. It is not the presence of these that is the problem, but rather the driver's operation of them while driving.
The equipment should be operated by a passenger or when the car is stationary. Other passengers, particularly noisy children, but also animals, can be distracting.
An unbalanced state of mind due to strong excitement, sadness, worry or the like significantly diverts attention. You must always be aware of the traffic in front, to the sides and behind, and also be foresight, so that you are aware of how the traffic will develop a few seconds into it. You must refrain from dealing with things and taking unnecessary actions that can divert attention from the traffic. (Excerpt from the theory book Prove.dk 2017)