The good advice before the theory test

Updated in 2020

The following pages have been prepared to give you some of the most important rules to remember before your theory test. Do not tell many people that you are going to the test, because then you will put extra pressure on yourself to pass the test. Book the theory test early in the morning so you don't have much time to think about it.

We recommend that you order the theory test in Hillerød or Køge if possible (digital tests on the computer where you can see text and have a better overview of answer options) Dump percentage in Hillerød and Køge is around 17% and the rest of the country around 25% If you are nervous for the test, pass all our 40 theory tests and subject tests in the second attempt at the latest, then it will be very easy to pass the police test, and you will feel that you have seen the different situations before and this will reduce your nervousness.

The first deposit you have to answer is 80% correct and if you are in doubt then you must stick to what you have answered first, and only if you are absolutely sure then change your answer from yes to no or vice versa. Eat and drink as you usually do (no alcohol) and when you answer the questions and are in doubt about a single picture, you should not focus only on that picture, because there is a risk that you will overhear the next question, but if you are in doubt, what is the correct answer then answer yes or no and focus on the next picture.

You must make 5 picture mistakes. Several mistakes in a picture count as a mistake, but 20 out of 25 pictures must be error-free. You must not skip the answers and answer yes or no but do not leave any unanswered because it will count as a mistake and if you answer yes or no then you have a 50% chance of answering correctly.

The test with the police is not intended to make you fail, but to check that you have the necessary knowledge of the most important rules and to see how you will react in the various traffic situations. (remember to always be critical and never take chances).

Attention:

You must always be aware of everything around you, but you can pay special attention to only 2-3 things at a time.

Special attention:

Something or someone in front of you or behind you that may have an impact on the continuation of your driving, or something or someone that will definitely have an impact on the continuation of your driving in the next few seconds. Always pay special attention to it that is closest to you, like children on a road and not particularly aware of what is, for example, further down the road that does not influence your driving here and now.

Speed ​​limits

Speed ​​must always be respected and you must never drive faster than what is written on the road sign.

You must drive 50 km/h closer to a built-up area when there are good driving conditions.

Always reduce your speed when you get close to an intersection without traffic lights, drive around 5-10 km/h if you have to give way to the right, and approx. 30 km/h, if traffic from the side road has an unconditional duty on the residential roads.

Show special consideration for children, the elderly, the disabled, and school patrols

Within a denser built-up area: 50 km/h

Outside denser built-up area: 80 km/h

On a motorway: 130 km/h

On a motorway: 80 km/h (can be raised up to 100 km/h by signage)

Maximum speed for:

Bus 80 km/h (tempo bus 100 km/h on motorways)

Truck 80 km/h

Car with Trailer 80 km/h (special approval gives permission to drive 100 km/h on motorways)

Tractor 40 km/h

When towing another vehicle at 30 km/h

You must adjust your speed so that you are able to stop the vehicle in time in the following situations: (Reduce speed):

At an intersection with poor visibility/where the situation is not clear,

At a turn with poor visibility,

Before a crosswalk with poor visibility,

Before a hilltop with poor visibility,

When there is a risk of blinding oncoming motorists,

When meeting on a narrow road,

When the road is wet or slippery,

When approaching a bus where people are getting off,

When approaching children on or near the road,

When you approach horses, cows or other animals on the road, When there is road work,

Near places where there have been traffic accidents

Before railroad crossings

If your vision is impaired for any reason

Alcohol

It is illegal to drive with a blood alcohol level of over 0.50, which corresponds to over 0.25 mg per liter of air you exhale. You must remember that it is also illegal to have a blood alcohol level of less than 0.50 if you are involved in a traffic accident or if you drive unsafely. It is forbidden to leave your car to someone who is clearly intoxicated. Medicine / drugs can be just as dangerous as alcohol and a mixture of alcohol / medicine / drugs will make it even more dangerous to drive a car. The police can demand breath samples from you at any time.

The police officer's signaling

When you can see the officer's chest or back, regardless of the position of the arms, it is the same as a red light. When you drive in the direction along the officer's arm, it is the same as a green light. Arm up, means stop for everyone at an intersection.

Overhaul

You must always overtake on the left - the only exception is when the car in front of you is turning left, and the lane to your right is not a special lane (like a clearly marked cycle path, turning lane or bus lane...)

Overtaking is prohibited by:

Before or at a level crossing,

Before or in a pedestrian crossing,

Before a hilltop, (unless there are several lanes in the same direction)

Entering a bend (where visibility is poor), (unless there are multiple lanes in the same direction)

Before or at an intersection (unless there are multiple lanes in the same direction)

You can overtake

If there is 100% good visibility on the entire overhaul route,

If there are two or more lanes in your direction and a barrier line so that oncoming traffic cannot enter your lane half,

If there are two lanes at a traffic light and you overtake a car turning left on the right.

You must have a full view (and it must be clear of oncoming traffic and obstacles in the road) of the overtaking section before you decide to start overtaking.

Right-of-way duties

Unconditional right of way means that you must show that you can and will stop and hold back for traffic coming from both your right and left side. If there is no traffic, then do not come to a complete stop.

You have an unconditional right of way in the following situations:

There are shark teeth,

There is a road sign for unconditional right of way (triangular sign with the point downwards),

There is a stop sign,

Driving into a roundabout,

When crossing a pavement, a cycle path

you enter or exit a garage or private property,

car park, gas station, dirt road or

leaving clear secondary road that has a different surface (typically cobblestone).

Leaving a pedestrian street,

living and play area.

Right-of-way means that you must hold back for all vehicles coming from the right, where there are no rules about unconditional right-of-way, but not when merging or changing lanes.

Parking

Parking means any provision of a vehicle with or without a driver for more than 3 minutes, but not when disembarking or boarding or unloading or loading goods. If there is a road sign prohibiting parking, then there will be a diagonal line = 1 prohibition. (stopping will be allowed).

Stopping and parking is prohibited in the following unmarked places:

  • On the left side of the road, except for roads with less traffic and roads with one-way traffic,
  • On footpaths, cycle paths, median reliefs, paving systems, barrier surfaces or the like and generally on pavements,
  • On a pedestrian crossing or closer than 5 m in front of the crossing,
  • When exiting before the cycle path or closer than 5 m before the exit,
  • At road junctions or closer than 10 m from the nearest edge of the transverse carriageway or cycle path, however always permitted in marked stalls.
  • Nearer than 5 m from the start of a barrier line at a road junction.
  • Next to the barrier line, if the distance between the car and the barrier line is less than 3 m.
  • However, this does not apply if the dotted line is between you and the barrier line.
  • On a railroad crossing or other level crossing.
  • On bridges over motorways, in viaducts or tunnels
  • On or near hilltop.
  • At a bend in the road with poor visibility.
  • If your parking covers road signs or signals.
  • Creeping.
  • In a marked place for taxis
  • In a handicap space
  • At the bus stop or 12 m before a bus stop, even if there are no road markings.
  • If the distance of 12 m is extended with yellow curb markings, the ban applies to the entire marked section.
  • On the highway
  • On a motorway

Parking is prohibited in the following areas where stopping is permitted without this being highlighted:

  • Closer than 30 m from a railway crossing.
  • In addition to entrances and exits to properties or in such a way that access and exit are made significantly more difficult.
  • On main roads outside denser built-up areas.
  • Next to another vehicle parked on the side of the road, except for 2-wheeled Vehicles (e.g. bicycle, moped or motorcycle without a sidecar).
  • So close to another vehicle that it cannot be approached or driven away from the scene.

Expressions often used for the theory test:

When starting from the side of the road or making another change of location to the left or right, always orient yourself to see if there is anyone in your blind spots. (there must be orientation in the question, otherwise you must not start immediately, change course...).

Reduced grip / road condition

Is only the case when it is visible (water puddles, snow on the road, holes in the road...). Remember that shadows or leaves from trees increase the risk of a slippery road. In the summer, grip is almost never reduced (except when there is gravel on the road, pebbles, spilled oil and the like).

Location on the road

You must position yourself as far to the right as possible with respect to any cyclists, moped riders, parked vehicles and pedestrians. You should stay in the right lane and only use the left lane for overtaking or passing. Place yourself in the middle of marked lanes. Pull as far to the right as possible on narrow roads, before a hilltop and before unmanageable road bends.

Left turn

Always wait for the oncoming traffic, you must never start a turn if you have to take chances. Pay special attention to oncoming traffic, traffic lights and any pedestrians on the side road you want to turn onto.

General rule is: larger left turns and small right turns.

Right turn

When turning right, you must keep to the right and avoid cyclists and mopeds coming from behind (when there is a free space) and you must not turn immediately, even if there is a green light, if you have not orientated yourself behind to the right. If you stop for pedestrians, before turning make sure you are not blocking the cycle path.

Children

When you see children running, playing or cycling, you typically have to react by reducing your speed and by keeping extra distance from them. You must always be prepared for children to react impulsively.

Yellow lines when there is road work

When there are yellow lines, you must pay particular attention to them rather than the normal white lines. But stop lines at an intersection or at pedestrian crossings must still be observed unless they are also marked with the yellow lines.

On the motorway you should never

U-turn, reverse, stop, park, use the emergency phone, (unless you have an engine stop or it is an emergency), the emergency lane is only for ambulances, fire trucks, cars in serious trouble or the like. When driving on an access lane to a motorway, you must adapt your speed to the others already on the motorway and drive into the place where the lanes merge. (when merging, you must not drive over any lines) Before entering the motorway, you must always remember to orientate yourself in mirrors and the blind spots and blink in good time.

Safe handling of traffic

You have to actively participate in the handling of the traffic. Always try to follow the others quickly up to the legal speed (also remember to be critical if there is fog or similar poor road or visibility conditions.) If it is possible to overtake trucks, tractors or buses, do it. But not if the other vehicle is faster than your car.(eg trucks without trailers)

Orientation

That's a typical yes answer.

You must always look out for "possible" pedestrians, cyclists, cars, oncoming traffic...

Doing something immediately is a typical no answer unless everything is clear and it is allowed to perform the intended maneuver.

The size of the car

Max. size of a car, with or without cargo, is: 12 meters long, 4 meters high and 2.55 wide.

Danger, inconvenience and undue inconvenience

You must never be a danger to yourself or others. You are "at a disadvantage" if you drive in a way where, without being a danger, you get in the way of other road users and force them to slow down/increase their speed, change their position on the road or hold back. During certain maneuvers , eg. starting from the side of the road, changing lanes (all parallel maneuvers) and when stopping suddenly, you cannot always completely avoid getting in the way of others (heavy traffic), but you must ensure that the maneuver is not an "unnecessary inconvenience". For all maneuvers when you meet other road users across, you must not be a disadvantage, regardless of whether there is heavy traffic or not.

Good luck with the test, Prove.dk

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